Cannabidiol or CBD is a compound found in the cannabis plant. The cannabis plant contains a group of compounds called cannabinoids. Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, is another type of cannabinoid andis a psychoactive substance that imparts a high on those who use the plant as a recreational drug. CBD however is not like THC and when isolated from the plant has no psychoactive effects on its own.
But CBD does have its own properties that have made it a sought-after natural remedy for several ailments. Marijuana is a cannabis plant that contains THC and is still illegal in most states in the USA and many parts of the world. But when CBD is isolated from the plant or obtained from plants with a very low THC content, it can be used legally in many more places.
CBD has been found to have several curative properties, which is why it has been used in natural medicine for centuries. It has been used as a painkiller for generations, but now with new techniques to extract CBD in its pure form its potential keeps growing. As cannabidiol’s medicinal properties are better understood, we are also finding out the best and most effective ways to use it.
How does CBD work?
Just like other organ systems like the respiratory, circulatory and digestive systems, the human body also has what is called an endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system is made up of neurotransmitter receptors that are associated with all major organs and the central and peripheral nervous system.
These receptors, called endocannabinoid receptors, respond to naturally occurring endocannabinoids in our bodies. There are two main types of endocannabinoid receptors – CB1 and CB2. CB1 is more commonly found in the central nervous system, while CB2 is more common in the immune system and plays a big role in the regulation of pain and inflammation.
The receptors also respond to introduced cannabinoids like CBD and THC. In fact, research was conducted into the effect that THC has on the body that led to the discovery of the endocannabinoid system in the 1990s. However, the purpose of the endocannabinoid system is not simply to allow humans to experience a high but serves a far more important role.
The main function of this system is to maintain homeostasis in the body. Homeostasis is the process of the body maintaining a balance within itself. With over 60% of the body being fluids it is important that an equilibrium is achieved within ourselves. If the blood gets too diluted, we get sick, and if our cells get too swollen, they could rupture due to the excessive water and cause great harm to the body.
Every cell and every organ in the body needs to have the right amount of fluid to function normally. It is the endocannabinoid system that maintains the balance of fluids within us, which is also responsible for the normal functioning of almost all major processes that include appetite, sleep, mood, memory, and reproduction among others.
As can be imagined, a disruption in the system can lead to several diseases. Studies have shown that neurological diseases, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and a number of other diseases are associated with changes in endocannabinoid levels. Many disorders that have physical pain as a major symptom have also found to be related to a dysfunction in the endocannabinoid system.
Some of these disorders include fibromyalgia, migraines, hypersensitivity to pain, and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). It only goes to reason then that a correction of the dysfunction could help to ease the pain caused by these conditions. That is where CBD comes into picture. In some of these cases, it was found that the level of the endocannabinoid neurotransmitter in the blood was lower than usual.
CBD can be used therapeutically to mimic the effect of the endocannabinoid neurotransmitter and restore balance in the body. But the effect of CBD is not as direct as that. In fact, CBD does not bind to CB2 receptors but instead enhances the receptor’s ability to bind with the natural endocannabinoid that is already present in the body. The therapy has been found to work and CBD has been found to be effective in the treatment of other disorders as well, such as epilepsy, nausea, depression, inflammation, and more.
Under normal circumstances, the body tends to self-regulate. But some diseases, medications, or even genetic factors can cause the endocannabinoid neurotransmitter level to drop. The CBD from the cannabis plant is a completely natural alternative that can be used safely with rarely any side effects to correct the deficiency. Furthermore, because CBD is extracted and used in isolation, it does not impart the THC high and can be used legally in most countries.
Another way CBD has been found to treat pain is by preventing cells from absorbing a substance called anandamide. Anandamide helps with the regulation of pain and is believed that when its level in the bloodstream increases, it actually decreases pain. CBD upregulates some substances and receptors while down regulating others in the process, which helps to correct imbalances that might have occurred.
The Benefits of using CBD in the treatment of pain
Effective in treating joint pain: Arthritis can cause severe pain and stiffness in the joints. Many of the treatments used for arthritis have side effects which have prompted patients to look for alternative forms of treatments. Of all the herbal forms, CBD has been found to be the most effective. Research has concluded that CBD eases arthritic pain by decreasing the inflammation in the joints and protecting the nerves.
Effective in treating muscle pain: Its ability to control inflammation also makes CBD an effective treatment for sore muscles. When used as a topical cream and massaged into sore muscles, CBD has had a high success rate in treating muscular aches and soreness. Recurring pain from old muscle injuries have also been found to be reduced using CBD.
Effective in treating pain caused by MS: MS, or Multiple Sclerosis, is an auto-immune disease that causes the immune system to destroy the myelin sheath that surrounds nerves. The myelin sheath acts like insulation for the nerves without which they would start to misfire. Uncontrolled stimulation from the nerves results in muscle spasms and pain. MS also makes walking and any other movement very painful for patients. Studies have shown that treatment with CBD has vastly decreased the pain and spasms caused by MS.
Helps alleviate pain caused by cancer and cancer treatment: Cancer can cause severe pain and the treatment can have other side effects like nausea and vomiting. CBD treatments have been found to be effective in the pain management of cancer patients especially in cases where other pain treatments have failed. CBD has also helped to alleviate the side-effects of treatments like chemotherapy.
Helps in controlling epilepsy: While research is still ongoing into the use of CBD for treating epilepsy, the results are promising. In one study, over 200 people who experienced epileptic seizures were treated with CBD oil and the seizures reduced by a 36.5% median. Children suffering from Dravet Syndrome were also treated with CBD oil and a significant reduction in seizures was observed. However, as mentioned earlier, the research is still in progress and long and short-term side-effects of using CBD still need to be fully understood.
Helps control anxiety and depression: Mental health disorders like anxiety and depression are conditions that are presently treated with pharmacological drugs. The big drawback of such a cure is that these drugs come with a host of side-effects, some of which could actually nullify any good that they do. For this reason, more natural treatments are being researched for these conditions. CBD has shown promising results. People who were suffering from anxiety and given CBD showed a significantly lower level of anxiety.
CBD was found to have anti-depressant qualities when tested on animal models. CBD enhances performance of serotonin receptors in the brain which are instrumental in improving mood. Further research is still required to understand the effects of long-term use, but for now CBD treatment is proving more effective and safer than conventional mental health treatments.
How is CBD oil used to treat chronic pain?
CBD is formulated in several ways to treat pain. CBD oil is one of the most common formulations and can be taken orally. Oral sprays and topical creams and ointments are some other ways in which CBD is administered. How much CBD should be taken per dose will depend on several factors including:
- Height, weight, and gender of the patient.
- Medical history of the patient.
- The reason for taking the CBD.
- Whether or not the patient is currently under any other treatment, and so on.
While topical creams and ointments are applied on the skin directly where the pain is, CBD oil has to be taken under the tongue. A drop of the oil needs to be placed below the tongue and held there for about a minute. Alternatively, a CBD spray can be administered under the tongue. Holding the CBD formulation in place for one minute allows its active ingredients to get absorbed by the blood vessels and get into the bloodstream.
The advantages of using AK Cannabis Club’s CBD Oil
AK Cannabis Club brings you water-soluble CBD Oil. Water-soluble CBD oil has a higher bioavailability than other CBD products. In fact, a water-soluble formulation can be absorbed twenty time more efficiently by the body. For every dose of CBD oil taken, the body actually receives a more potent dose when compared to other cannabis products. Smaller doses of the water-soluble CBD oil can give you the same effect as a larger dose of the non-soluble form.
Because it is easier to understand how much of CBD from the water-soluble form gets absorbed by the body, doses can be planned more effectively. Other substances like terpenes and various phytonutrients in CBD oil also get absorbed better from the water-soluble formation. These substances are also found to be beneficial for several medical conditions.
Water-soluble CBD oil has a much lighter texture than other forms and is easier to take orally. A drop of this tincture under the tongue can be highly effective in treating all types of pain.